Health & Sanitation

 
   

Collaborating locally to bring health within reach:-

SPECTRA ORG. began working in Rajasthan in 1996 to address some of the country’s crucial health problems. Over more than three decades, our program in the region has grown to become one of our largest. We work in some of the country’s highest-need and hardest-to-reach areas, collaborating with governments, communities, companies, researchers, and public health practitioners to find health solutions.

Preventing disease through vaccines and immunizations:-

SPECTRA ORG. works in Rajasthan to help develop new vaccines and vaccine technologies and strengthen immunization services to reach even the most remote villages. We’re advancing new vaccines against malaria, meningitis, pneumococcal disease (the most common cause of severe pneumonia), and rotavirus (the most common cause of severe diarrhea) by collaborating with partners on vaccine development, formulation, manufacturing, and compliance with regulatory authorities.
We work closely with the Government of Rajasthan to strengthen health systems to introduce new vaccines and improve access to immunization services. SPECTRA ORG. is helping to increase immunization coverage for young children in the slums of the state of Rajasthan. Through our partnership with the Rajasthan government, we helped ensure that  children state wide received vaccine against Japanese encephalitis, a debilitating disease that in Rajasthan strikes mainly poor, rural communities. We helped introduce hepatitis B vaccine in the routine immunization program. The vaccine is now available free of cost in most state immunization programs.
SPECTRA ORG. also facilitates research in Rajasthan on methods to protect vaccines from damage due to exposure to extreme temperatures during transport and storage. Because reuse of needles can increase the risk of spreading HIV, hepatitis B, and other infections, SPECTRA ORG. has supported manufacturers to mass-produce single-use syringes to make them available and affordable.

Improving health for mothers and children:-

Every year, thousands of children in Rajasthan die within a month of birth. Thousands more survive, but grow up weak or sickly. Often, these outcomes could be avoided with increased health education. Through SPECTRA ORG  enhancing Rajasthan’s health system while helping families understand simple steps they can take to help their babies thrive.
Despite advances, women in Rajasthan continue to be threatened by two highly preventable causes of death: postpartum hemorrhage and cervical cancer. Rajasthan’s maternal mortality rate is 407 per 100,000 live births; 30 percent of the deaths are due to excessive bleeding after childbirth. SPECTRA ORG. is working to understand the factors that lead to the inappropriate use of oxytocin—a drug with the potential to dramatically decrease postpartum hemorrhage—and to determine how to use it safely. We’re also gathering information that will help Rajasthan establish a comprehensive cervical cancer prevention plan.

Access to safe water and healthy food:-

Millions of poor families in Rajasthan lack access to safe drinking water, a condition that poses a daily threat to their health. We conducted extensive testing with potential users to design a household water treatment and storage device for Rajasthann families. Now, we’re collaborating with manufacturers and distributors to provide a product that has the potential to make safe drinking water available and affordable.

Controlling tuberculosis:-

Rajasthan has the highest burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the world. With 1.8 million cases occurring annually and 333,000 deaths from TB, Rajasthan accounts for one-fifth of the world’s new TB cases and two-thirds of the cases in Southeast Asia. More than 70 percent of cases occur in the economically productive 15– to 54-year-old age group. Their deaths take a terrible toll on families and economies. SPECTRA ORG. supports the State government and across all districts by strengthening communication, laboratories, infection control, and surveillance of multidrug-resistant TB.
Total Sanitation and Swajaldhara Programme
To improve the health condition of rural women, 200 Asha Sahyogini have been trained under the programme for better improvement in their work. The training was of 7 days in which 25 women were in each batch.
SPECTRA started this programme in Alwar.   The goal of the project is universal excess safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, change their hygienic behaviour and general awareness above relationship between safe water sanitation health to motivate to change their behaviour accordingly. This is the greatest challenge for the people living in rural areas. The following activities have been done under the project.

Conducting social Economic Baseline survey
Plan and organize IEC activities, such as social mobilization, PLA exercise, HRD activities, VCDs and Awareness Camps according to overall agreed plan
Rallies are conducted to make aware of sanitation and hygiene
Training programmes on sanitation and hygiene